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Design Science Journal
Papers

Engineering Change: Drivers, Sources, and Approaches in Industry

Engineering Change: Drivers, Sources, and Approaches in Industry

Year: 2009

Section: Product and Systems Design

Editor: Norell Bergendahl, M.; Grimheden, M.; Leifer, L.; Skogstad, P.; Lindemann, U.

Author: Eckert, Claudia; Clarkson, John; de Weck, Olivier; Keller, Rene

Section: Product and Systems Design

Pages: 47-58

Abstract

Engineering change is a fundamental part of all design activities at all stages of design. Most complex products are designed by modification from existing ones. Requirements change during long development projects. Problems through the design process require rework. Yet engineering change has only recently become the topic of academic research and only few specific tools exist to manage engineering change. This paper reports on two workshops held in 2008, one in the UK and one in the US, where practising engineers reported on the challenges their organisations face with engineering changes and what approaches they take to deal with the effects of change. An analysis of 11 presentations shows that the causes volunteered for engineering change are very similar. However the approaches taken by companies to assess, manage and potentially take advantage of engineering changes are very different. In the absence of specific tools for management engineering change companies used general process improvement and systems engineering tools, ranging from virtual design and QFD to high-level system simulation.

Keywords: Engineering change, customer needs, change prediction, change propagation

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ds conferenceICED09: 17th International Conference on Engineering Design

The Design Society and the Stanford Center for Design Research cordially invite you to participate in the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED'09. The venue will be Stanford University’s verdant campus in the heart of Silicon Valley, a short 35 miles south of San Francisco, California. Research papers and case studies are solicited on any topic related to design thinking, theory, and practice, with a premium placed on evidence-based research. Topics and Themes include: *...

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Design Science Journal