Measuring frugality - application to a solar water distiller

DS 87-1 Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 17) Vol 1: Resource Sensitive Design, Design Research Applications and Case Studies, Vancouver, Canada, 21-25.08.2017

Year: 2017
Editor: Anja Maier, Stanko Škec, Harrison Kim, Michael Kokkolaras, Josef Oehmen, Georges Fadel, Filippo Salustri, Mike Van der Loos
Author: Rohmer, Serge; Merabtine, Abdelatif; Bouzidi, Youcef
Series: ICED
Institution: University of Technology of Troyes, France
Section: Resource Sensitive Design, Design Research Applications and Case Studies
Page(s): 459-467
ISBN: 978-1-904670-89-6
ISSN: 2220-4342


This paper explores the concept of frugality to help designers in optimizing the resources needed for the design of products. A metric proposes to integrate the geographical origin of the components which participate at the achievement of the product's functions. The resulting profile gives a global notation of the frugality, and suggests ways of improvement by targeting functions that are less frugal. A case study on a solar water distiller supports the proposal in order to prove the efficiency of the methodology.

Keywords: Sustainability, Ecodesign, Functional modelling, Frugal


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