RE-ENGINEERING DESIGN THROUGH MULTIPLE DISCIPLINARY LENSES
DS 83: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education (E&PDE16), Design Education: Collaboration and Cross-Disciplinarity, Aalborg, Denmark, 8th-9th September 2016
Editor: Erik Bohemia, Ahmed Kovacevic, Lyndon Buck, Christian Tollestrup, Kaare Eriksen, Nis Ovesen
Author: Karmokar, Sangeeta; Connor, Andy M.
Institution: Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand
Section: New Design Paradigms
Models of design tend to contain activities that relate to multiple disciplinary and professional fields.
The rapid advancement of technology and the increasing social, economic, and environmental
challenges demand more sophisticated models of the design process. The term “design process”
captures a wide variety of views and practices in different disciplines such as engineering, business
and product design. This paper starts by examining the interdependencies and relationships between
design activities across disciplines to then focus on engineering design as a specific case. The aim is to
formulate an inter-disciplinary approach that informs and guides flexible design approaches. The
resulting approach is subsequently compared to conventional educational approach in engineering,
business, and product design. The paper closes with a categorised overview of the academic literature
on design process from various disciplinary lenses. This work gives researchers and educators an
understanding of the breadth and depth of design process, and the connectivity across disciplines
during the development of new products and services.