TOWARDS THE NEXT GENERATION OF DESIGN PROCESS MODELS: A GAP ANALYSIS OF EXISTING MODELS
Editor: Christian Weber, Stephan Husung, Marco Cantamessa, Gaetano Cascini, Dorian Marjanovic, Srinivasan Venkataraman
Author: Costa, Daniel Guzzo; Macul, Victor Cussiol; Costa, Janaina Mascarenhas Hornos; Exner, Konrad; Pförtner, Anne; Stark, Rainer; Rozenfeld, Henrique
Institution: 1: University of São Paulo, Brazil; 2: Technical University of Berlin, Germany
Section: Design Theory and Research Methodology, Design Processes
Companies that follow a reference process are usually more successful. Over the last decades many different reference process models have been developed primarily in academia. Nevertheless, many approaches have not been adopted in practice. The paper analyses the most known reference models according to discipline, knowledge area, considered design stages, scope, included design approaches, provided meta information, flexibility and guidance for implementation. The results of this research show that the analysed reference models are unable to cover the whole breadth of the proposed classification scheme. There is also a lack in guidelines and support for implementation. Meta information is missing in all reference process models to facilitate a flexible and straightforward implementation into a company specific reference process. Specific research questions are derived from the analysis regarding the development for the next generation of design reference models concluding in expectations for future solutions.