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Interplay between product architecture and organizational structure

Interplay between product architecture and organizational structure

Year: 2012

Section: Project and Process Management

Editor: Onishi, M.; Maurer, M.; Kirner, K.; Lindemann, U.

Author: Sinha, K. (1); James, D. (2); de Weck, O. (1)

Series: DSM

Institution: 1:Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; 2: Mechanical Systems Engineering, USA

Section: Project and Process Management

Pages: 275-288

ISBN: 978-3-446-43354-0

Abstract

The design and development of large-scale engineered systems is a highly integrated process, and
requires the integration of efforts of large numbers of individuals from many design specialties. We
seek to understand to what degree the novelty of the product architecture causes potential
inefficiencies in the product development organization and existence of engineering standard work
documents that are used as guides to interface management and as objects that helps cross discipline
boundaries. The impact of novelty of the new product architecture on the existing product
development organization was estimated by quantifying the number of new connections that need to
be handled both within component integrated process teams and well as across them. It was found that
55 new cross-team interactions appear to be required (+25%) and 38 new interactions within teams
appear necessary. A close interplay between the product architecture and organizational architecture of
the product development team in a feedback sense has been demonstrated for a real-world, large,
complex engineered system.

Keywords: Design Structure Matrix (DSM), Conway’s law, multi-domain Networks, organizational impact, novelty

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ds endorsed conferenceDSM 2012 - 14th International DSM Conference

Dependency and Structure Modeling (DSM) originates from the methods that have come about from using the Design Structure Matrix and similar methods (matrix-based as well as graph based). These methods have proven very valuable in designing complex systems, optimizing technical systems and product architectures and organizations, densely networked processes and large market structures. With its ability to manage complexity by looking into the structure of a system, it has led to many other advances...

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SIG Workshop - March 2013