DEVELOPING A TAXONOMY FOR FREEHAND SKETCHING IN DESIGN
Editor: Erik Bohemia, Ahmed Kovacevic, Lyndon Buck, Peter Childs, Stephen Green, Ashley Hall, Aran Dasan
Author: Hua, Min; Huang, Shan; Childs, Peter
Institution: 1: Imperial College of London, United Kingdom; 2: Zhejiang Normal University
Section: Sketch in Design and Engineering Education
Taxonomy can be helpful in characterising the roles of the sketch in design. Various attempts have been made to classify design sketches. Ferguson developed widely accepted sketch taxonomy and showed how sketches are used in the design process using the classes of thinking, talking and prescriptive. However, some limitations of the original taxonomy have been found in practice due to professional and technological changes of the last 20 years. Therefore, an empirical study was conducted with the aim of investigating the implementation of the established design sketch taxonomy, revealing its specific limitations, and thereafter seeking to enhance and revise this taxonomy so that it can meet the needs of today’s design students and trainers. The empirical study utilised a qualitative research methodology, incorporating sketch observation and follow-up interviews of participants during a 2-day product design workshop. The outcome of the research was an enhanced design sketch taxonomy aimed at providing guidance for both design education and practice.