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ICED 11
Papers

Improving needs-finding techniques for medical device development at low resource environments using Activity Theory

Improving needs-finding techniques for medical device development at low resource environments using Activity Theory

Year: 2017

Section: Resource Sensitive Design, Design Research Applications and Case Studies

Editor: Anja Maier, Stanko Škec, Harrison Kim, Michael Kokkolaras, Josef Oehmen, Georges Fadel, Filippo Salustri, Mike Van der Loos

Author: Rismani, Shalaleh; Van der Loos, H. F. Machiel

Series: ICED

Institution: The University of British Columbia, Canada

Section: Resource Sensitive Design, Design Research Applications and Case Studies

Pages: 249-258

ISBN: 978-1-904670-89-6

ISSN: 2220-4342

Abstract

It is critical to evaluate and improve existing needs-finding techniques for design in new and complex spaces. In the recent decade, more companies and organizations are focusing on medical device development (MDD) for low-resource environments. This paper proposes and studies a novel needs-finding technique based on Activity Theory that can be used for MDD for low-resource settings. This novel technique aims to offer a more comprehensive analysis of a design problem by considering the clinical, technical and socioeconomic factors. The paper describes and discusses a design study that was done with seven biomedical engineering student teams. The goal of the study was to compare the Activity Theory-based Needs Finding (ATNF) technique with a more conventional technique. The results indicate that novel ATNF technique can be successfully used by design teams and the technique allows for a more comprehensive analysis of the problem scope.

Keywords: Biomedical design, Design methodology, Multi- / Cross- / Trans-disciplinary processes

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ds conferenceICED17 The 21st International Conference on Engineering Design, 21-25th August 2017

ICED17 The 21st International Conference on Engineering Design, 21-25th August 2017The 21st International Conference on Engineering Design ICED17 to be held August 21-25, 2017, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Theme: Resource-Sensitive Design Paper submission deadline: December 19, 2016 For full details go to: http://iced17.org. The forthcoming International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED17, will continue to be a great forum where the design community comes together to share insights, discover new ideas, create new design ventures, and form friendships....

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