DESIGN MARGINS: IMPACTS ON BUILDING ENERGY PERFORMANCE
This paper examines the addition of design margins for building services energy infrastructure during the design process. It argues that care must be taken when applying margins; ensuring cumulative effects do not undermine the ability of systems to be energy efficient. An example of a hospital Trust is provided showing the addition of design margins impacting the energy efficiency of services provided. Tensions are found between delivery of flexibility, adaptability and other change parameters and the need for the system to be bounded, so as to encourage effectiveness.