Using 3D in Design – An Overview of Measuring Methods and Experiences

DS 81: Proceedings of NordDesign 2014, Espoo, Finland 27-29th August 2014

Year: 2014
Editor: Miko Laakso, Kalevi Ekman
Author: Virtanen, Juho-Pekka; Kurkela, Matti; Hyyppa, Hannu
Series: NordDESIGN
Institution: Aalto University, Finland
Section: Tools, methods and approaches in product development
Page(s): 815-824
ISBN: 978-1-904670-58-2


This paper discusses the use of 3D measuring in product and spatial design. Photogrammetry and laser scanning are introduced as possible measuring techniques. In the first case, a 3D scanner is utilized in jewelry design, working with rapid prototypes. In the second case, a store interior is measured and modeled from images. The third and fourth cases present the use of laser scanning to measure building interiors and exteriors. The size and complexity of the target have to be considered when choosing a measuring technique. Measuring and modeling can be used to produce 3D models usable in 3D CAD software. For design use, the modeling phase is crucial. In some cases, terrestrial laser scans can be directly visualized in CAD to reduce modeling work. To increase the utility of measuring techniques, the design and measuring processes should be more tightly integrated.

Keywords: 3D measuring, reverse engineering, 3D printing, photogrammetry, laser scanning


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