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Design Science Journal
Papers

Mediating engineering design team performance through conscientiousness and cognitive style

Mediating engineering design team performance through conscientiousness and cognitive style

Year: 2013

Editor: Udo Lindemann, Srinivasan V, Yong Se Kim, Sang Won Lee, John Clarkson, Gaetano Cascini

Author: Sprehn, Kelly A.; Macht, Gretchen A.; Kremer, Gul E.; Nembhard, David A.

Series: ICED

Institution: The Pennsylvania State University, United States of America

Pages: 179-188

ISBN: 978-1-904670-50-6

ISSN:  2220-4334

Abstract

Within a design context, team dynamics affect final product design, speed of project completion, innovation, and quality level. Despite the criticality of team composition, the formation of teams based directly on scientific findings remains relatively rare. Psychology has highlighted individual personalities and intelligence as potential inputs for determining the level of team performance. Design teams, in particular, are often chosen ad hoc, with membership often based more on niche expertise than with regards to interpersonal interaction.

In this paper, we examine the link between conscientiousness as an aspect of human psychology and engineering design team performance with several cognitive style variables as potential mediating variables. Through regression modeling explored in the context of structural equation modeling (SEM), our model demonstrates a possible negative relationship between the object cognitive style deviation and team performance. This supports research claiming cognitive diversity as a detriment to team success. Finally, we explore the idea that cognitive style could be a mediating variable between conscientiousness and team performance.

Keywords: Teamwork, design engineering, human behavior in design, personality, cognitive style

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ds conferenceICED13: 19th International Conference on Engineering Design

ICED13: 19th International Conference on Engineering DesignThe 19th International Conference on Engineering Deisgn (ICED13) will for the first time take place in Asia: ICED13 on 19-22 August 2013 at Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea The ICED13 motto is: "Design for Harmonies" - Harmony of Products and Services - Harmony of Old and New - Harmony of Culture and Technology - Harmony of East and West The conference chair is Prof. Yong Se Kim of the Creative Design Institute at Sungkyunkwan University. Important dates are: Call for Papers:...

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SIG Workshop - March 2013 - 1