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Papers

Understanding the Technical Content of Requirements in Specification Documents

Understanding the Technical Content of Requirements in Specification Documents

Year: 2011

Section: Design Theory, Methodology and Research Methodology

Editor: Chakrabarti, A.

Author: Sudin , Nizam Mohd; Ahmed-Kristensen, Saeema

Section: Design Theory, Methodology and Research Methodology

Pages: 42-49

Abstract

Designing a good specification is essential as it contributes to a better overall design. A good design is possible if design problems are clearly defined, which in practice these problems are described in a specification. Thus,support to assist design engineers, during the specification development process, is essential to be devised in advance. To achieve this aim, understanding how to formulate a good requirement is necessary and it is only possible if design engineers understand the technical content of a requirement. In aiming to understand the technical content of a requirement in practice, 97 statements from 2 specification documents were analyzed in detail and the results are reported in this paper. These statements were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively based on a pre-defined coding scheme. The results of the study show that the majority of req uirements were related to the characteristic attributes of the products. The study also found that the solution requirement was a part of the requirements in a specification document. Meanwhile, the issue and class of the requirement are related to each other and several classes of requirement are always required to address a single issue.Furthermore, design engineer needs to consider several related issues in order to formulate a requirement statement.

Keywords: Specification, Requirement, Design Process, Designing

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Design is ubiquitous; it pervades almost all spheres of life, and has been around as long as life has taken up the task of purposefully changing the world around it. Research in design and the emergence of a research community in this area has been relatively new, its development influenced by the multiple facets of design (human, artefact, process, organisation, and the micro- and macro economy by which design is shaped) and the associated diversification of the community into those focusing on...

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Keywords
Design 2010