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THE INVESTIGATION AND COMPUTER MODELLING OF HUMANS WITH DISABILITIES

THE INVESTIGATION AND COMPUTER MODELLING OF HUMANS WITH DISABILITIES

Year: 2011

Section: Product and Systems Design

Editor: Culley, S.J.; Hicks, B.J.; McAloone, T.C.; Howard, T.J. & Lindemann, U.

Author: Medland, Anthony John (1); Gooch, Shayne (2)

Section: Product and Systems Design

Pages: 185-194

Abstract

Aids for the invalid or infirmed are often created simply by modifying those used by the able-bodied, with little care taken as to their individual needs and limitations. This study is aimed at determining their actual requirements through both modelling their anthropomorphic conditions, and measuring their physical capabilities.

The subjects are evaluated in an experimental rig where, for example, the appropriate force data is collected. The physical limitations of the skeleton are also recorded and entered into a manikin model incorporated within a constraint environment. Together the manikin models are used to evaluate the disability aid under consideration.

This approach has been employed in the study of wheelchairs for people with spinal injuries. Here the positions at which the maximum pushing capability of the subject can be determined and the chair modified, or redesigned, to allow this to be achieved. A similar approach can be applied to other invalid aids and medical equipment.

A procedure is now being developed that can be applied to the collection of this data which can handle a range of problems for the creation of more effective aids for the elderly and infirmed.

Keywords: INVALID AIDS; HUMAN MEASUREMENTS; CONSTRAINT MODELLING; ANTHROPOMORPHIC

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ds conferenceICED11: 18th International Conference on Engineering Design

ICED11: 18th International Conference on Engineering DesignThe Design Society and The Technical University of Denmark (DTU) cordially invite you to participate in the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED11! The conference will be held in the beautiful city of Copenhagen, where we are preparing an exciting programme, cultural experience and fun social backdrop for the conference and connected workshops. The conference headline is: Impacting Society Through Engineering Design Design has a central role in bringing engineering and technology...

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SIG Workshop - March 2013 - 1