ENGINEERING DESIGN USING BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES
Nowadays “bionics” is a well known word, the problem is that there are different definitions of bionics. We wanted to analyse biological principles or use findings of biology to improve the design of products within mechanical engineering. We ran in total six case studies starting with a given technical problem or with a given phenomena in nature. We tried to optimise the suction nozzle of vacuum cleaners. The design of the proboscis of flies and the tongue of snails helped us to find an improved technical solution. Another case study was following the biological principle is called “thermal zoning”. The result is a procedural model of bionic supported by a new checklist with function as input and associations in biology as output.