ICT VERSUS CRAFT IN DESIGN EDUCATION FOR THE GENERAL PUBLIC
DS 88: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education (E&PDE17), Building Community: Design Education for a Sustainable Future, Oslo, Norway, 7 & 8 September 2017
Editor: Berg, Arild; Bohemia, Erik; Buck, Lyndon; Gulden, Tore; Kovacevic, Ahmed; Pavel, Nenad
Author: Strand, Ingri; Nielsen, Liv Merete
Institution: Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Norway
Section: Student Papers related to Design Education
In this study, the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in the subject Art and crafts in general education in Norway is examined through a survey and qualitative interviews with teachers. The finding that traditional craft is prioritized above ICT is here presented and discussed. The results show that several teachers view their pupils as “digital natives” who will master the digital tools anyway, while they fear that material knowledge, motor skills and craftsmanship will be lost. The writings of Vetlesen (2015) and Sennett (2008) on the relationship between craft and technology is used to shed light on the teachers’ priorities. The term “digital natives” is discussed against Nordkvelle and Fritze’s term “medialized”, which raises the suggestion that mastery of ICT does not apply to a whole generation. This leads to the conclusion that the subject Art and crafts should include both ICT and craft.