Fiber-reinforced composite design within a lightweight and material-oriented development process

DS 87-1 Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 17) Vol 1: Resource Sensitive Design, Design Research Applications and Case Studies, Vancouver, Canada, 21-25.08.2017

Year: 2017
Editor: Anja Maier, Stanko Škec, Harrison Kim, Michael Kokkolaras, Josef Oehmen, Georges Fadel, Filippo Salustri, Mike Van der Loos
Author: Kaspar, Jerome; Vielhaber, Michael
Series: ICED
Institution: Saarland University, Germany
Section: Resource Sensitive Design, Design Research Applications and Case Studies
Page(s): 329-338
ISBN: 978-1-904670-89-6
ISSN: 2220-4342


e for the product development of (high-tech) lightweight systems across several industries. Accordingly, apart from the today’s extensive gain in constructive and technological engineering skills, particularly new high-strength materials lead to satisfy the present rigorous requirements (e.g. mandatory national CO2 regulations in automotive industry) for lightweight engineering in a much deeper dimension. Nevertheless, advanced composites such as fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) are often used as “black metal” by simply keeping the geometry of a metal component and replacing the material, even though the predicted performance will rarely match expectations. As a consequence, and to address hitherto untapped potentials in terms of lightweight design, there is an urgent need for a systematic approach of a (intelligent) topology-optimized methodology focused on a detailed, but also integrated constructive and technological procedure to specify and optimize composite structures within nowadays requested multi-material systems. Therefore, a corresponding approach is presented in this contribution.

Keywords: Design for X (DfX), Design methodology, Design process, Fiber-reinforced composites, Lightweight design


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