Process-oriented tolerancing - A discrete geometry framework

DS 75-5: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED13) Design For Harmonies, Vol. 5: Design for X, Design to X, Seoul, Korea 19-22.08.2013

Year: 2013
Editor: Udo Lindemann, Srinivasan V, Yong Se Kim, Sang Won Lee, John Clarkson, Gaetano Cascini
Author: Schleich, Benjamin; Wartzack, Sandro
Series: ICED
Institution: FAU Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
Page(s): 061-070
ISBN: 978-1-904670-48-3
ISSN: 2220-4334


Since the requirements on technical products steadily increase, there exists a growing need for considering all effects which may lead to reduced product quality in engineering design. Geometric variations are a main contributor to malfunction and decreased product quality and have thus to be limited by geometric tolerancing. However, geometric tolerances are a source of disharmonies since manufacturing requires loose tolerances for realizing low manufacturing costs whereas design tends to choose tight tolerances for ensuring the product quality. This paper focuses on an integrated view on process-oriented tolerancing considering information from all stages of the product origination. After highlighting barriers for process-oriented tolerancing, a framework is proposed, which integrates process information in a skin model inspired tolerance analysis approach. This framework takes all sources of geometric deviations into account when evaluating their effects on the product quality. Thereby, manufacturing and assembly aspects can be considered in tolerancing during engineering design, which helps to reduce disharmonies, save manufacturing costs, and increase the product quality.

Keywords: Robust design, design for X, computer aided design, computer aided tolerancing


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