A STRUCTURE FOR REPRESENTING PROBLEM FORMULATION IN DESIGN
DS 68-6: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 11), Impacting Society through Engineering Design, Vol. 6: Design Information and Knowledge, Lyngby/Copenhagen, Denmark, 15.-19.08.2011
Editor: Culley, S.J.; Hicks, B.J.; McAloone, T.C.; Howard, T.J. & Chen, W.
Author: Dinar, Mahmoud; Shah, Jami J.; Langley, Pat; Hunt, Glen R.; Campana, Ellen
Section: Design Information and Knowledge Management
Much study has been done on the process of design and problem formulation is believed to play a major role in a creative design of high quality. Yet, it has gained less attention. We propose a taxonomy for representing the design problem space in order to show how a problem is formulated. We call this static representation the problem map which can provide a basis for comparing how different designers perceive a problem. It can also help demonstrate the co-evolution of problem and solution. Our study is based on the design of a model aircraft by an expert and a group of novice designers. The proposed structure shows a richer map of attended attributes and relations for the expert and more attributes left in vacuum for the novices.