Towards an uncertainty framework for Product Service Systems of Systems
Editor: Wartzack, Sandro; Schleich, Benjamin; Gon
Author: Fakhfakh, Sarra (1,2); Hein, Andreas Makoto (1); Jankovic, Marija (1); Chazal, Yann (2)
Section: Product-Service-System (PSS) Design
DOI number: https://doi.org/10.1017/dsi.2019.319
Product Service Systems (PSS) are increasingly complex and collaborative. For instance, manufacturing companies, service providers, and other companies collaborate and jointly develop and operate a PSS (ex: smart grid), where its constituent elements are managed and operated independently. Managerial independence and operational independence are commonly considered key characteristics of a System of Systems (SoS). Hence, a collaborative PSS exhibits System of Systems (SoSs) characteristics. These systems have previously been introduced as Product Service Systems of Systems (PSSoSs). In this paper, we propose to identify relevant uncertainties in the PSSoS design process. For this purpose, we go beyond the PSSoS concept definition and propose a comprehensive framework for PSS and PSSoS characterization. Moreover, based on both a literature review and an industrial diagnosis, we identify PSSoSs-specific design uncertainties.