Applying Engineering Design Ontology for Content Analysis of Team Conceptual Design Activity

DS 94: Proceedings of the Design Society: 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED19)

Year: 2019
Editor: Wartzack, Sandro; Schleich, Benjamin; Gon
Author: Martinec, Tomislav (1); ?kec, Stanko (1,2); ?klebar, Jelena (1); ?torga, Mario (1,3)
Series: ICED
Institution: University of Zagreb, FSB
Section: Knowledge-based engineering
DOI number: https://doi.org/10.1017/dsi.2019.253
ISSN: 2220-4342

Abstract

Studies of design activity have been dominantly reporting on different aspects of the design process, rather than the content of designing. The aim of the presented research has been the development and application of an approach for a fine-grain analysis of the design content communicated between designers during the team conceptual design activities. The proposed approach builds on an engineering design ontology as a foundation for the content categorisation. Two teams have been studied using the protocol analysis method. The coded protocols offered fine-grain descriptions of the content communicated at different points in the design session and enabled comparison of teams? approaches and deriving some generalisable findings. For example, it has been shown that both teams focused primarily on the use of the developed product and the operands within the technical process, in order to generate new technical solutions and initial component design. Moreover, teams exhibit progress from abstract to concrete solutions as the sessions proceeded and focused on the functional requirements towards the end of the sessions.

Keywords: Content analysis, Teamwork, Ontologies, Protocol analysis, Conceptual design

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