Towards a top-down design methodology for 4D printing

Year: 2017
Editor: Anja Maier, Stanko Škec, Harrison Kim, Michael Kokkolaras, Josef Oehmen, Georges Fadel, Filippo Salustri, Mike Van der Loos
Author: Sossou, Germain; Demoly, Frédéric; Montavon, Ghislain; Gomes, Samuel
Series: ICED
Institution: Université de Technologie de Belfort-Montbéliard (UTBM), France
Section: Design for X, Design to X
Page(s): 395-404
ISBN: 978-1-904670-93-3
ISSN: 2220-4342


An innovative trend promoted by the unique capabilities of additive manufacturing techniques is about the 4D Printing concept. It is the process by which parts embodying smart materials are printed, they are therefore able to react to changes in their environment. As a new way of thinking and manufacturing method, few is known about how to systematically bring such smart products ideas into reality. This paper discusses a general framework for designing 4D printed products. It delineates the research effort to be made so that designers are sufficiently empowered to design this new type of products. A methodology facilitating the consideration of smart materials is considered.

Keywords: Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM), Additive Manufacturing, Design methods

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