INCLUSIVE DESIGN; FROM PHYSICAL TO PSYCHOSOCIAL - A LITERATURE ANALYSIS TOWARD A DEFINITION OF PSYCHOSOCIAL DIMENSIONS IN DESIGN
Editor: Christian Weber, Stephan Husung, Gaetano Cascini, Marco CantaMESsa, Dorian Marjanovic, Monica Bordegoni
Author: Lim, Yonghun; Dr. Nickpour, Farnaz
Institution: Brunel University, United Kingdom
Section: User-Centred Design, Design of Socio-Technical Systems
With the dual demographics of an aging population and more people living with disabilities, inclusive design has been recognised as a driving force for accessibility and social equality in design of products, services and environments. However, it is yet to be thoroughly and effectively applied. The limited understanding and knowledge of inclusive design principles among the various stakeholders and public is one contributing factor. Secondly, the conventional application and interpretation of inclusive design has mainly focused on physical inclusion, usefulness and usability aspects rather than the psychological or social dimensions of inclusion or exclusion. The psychological and social dimensions will be called “psychosocial inclusion” in this paper. The psychosocial perspective could have potential roles in next stage of facilitation and practice of inclusive design. In the existing design literature, however, the concept of psychosocial inclusion is limited. Therefore, existing definitions of the psychosocial aspects in non-design fields, alongside design were researched and analysed in order to establish an initial definition and framework of psychosocial inclusion in design.