DESIGN AS THE RESOLUTION OF PARADOXES: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY

DS 80-11 Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 15) Vol 11:Human Behaviour in Design, Design Education; Milan, Italy, 27-30.07.15

Year: 2015
Editor: Christian Weber, Stephan Husung, Gaetano Cascini, Marco Cantamessa, Dorian Marjanovic, Monica Bordegoni
Author: Morgan, Thea; McMahon, Chris
Series: ICED
Institution: University of Bristol, United Kingdom
Section: Human Behaviour in Design, Design Education
Page(s): 215-226
ISBN: 978-1-904670-74-2
ISSN: 2220-4334

Abstract

This paper presents an ethnomethodological case study of a student engineering design team during their final year design project. The results were analysed with reference to a theoretical framework, based on Dorst s (2006) model, in which  a  design problem is taken as a paradox, made up out of the clash of conflicting discourses and  the nature of creative design is the forging of connections between these discourses . Three key discourses emerged from the data, that of the  commercial sponsor', the  university , and the  student group . It is suggested that the  commercial sponsor and  university discourses were in conflict, forming the  central paradox at the heart of the design problem. The student group failed to resolve this paradox, and went on to significantly underachieve in their design project. The aim of this research was to explore and describe the complex ways in which design emerges in practice, using Dorst s model of design problems as a theoretical framework. The framework has proved a useful and insightful way of considering how design occurs naturally in interactions between people.

Keywords: Ethnomethodology, Human Behaviour In Design, Design Problems

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