MODELING BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS TO FACILITATE THEIR SELECTION DURING A BIO-INSPIRED DESIGN PROCESS
Editor: Christian Weber, Stephan Husung, Marco Cantamessa, Gaetano Cascini, Dorian Marjanovic, Srinivasan Venkataraman
Author: Fayemi, Pierre-Emmanuel Ifeolohoum; Maranzana, Nicolas; Aoussat, Ameziane; Chekchak, Tarik; Bersano, Giacomo
Institution: 1: Arts & Métiers ParisTech, France; 2: Active Innovation Management, France; 3: EFREI, France
Section: Design Theory and Research Methodology, Design Processes
The bio-inspired design process implies a multiplicity of actors. Engineers and biologists are usually among them. Mobilize cross-disciplinary and/or highly specialized biologists is a complex task and tools have been developed to address this specificity of the biomimetic approaches. However, the selection of biological model(s) of inspiration does not appear to have yet been tackled. This paper aims at proposing a way to define a benefit/effort ratio for considered biology to technology analogies, which should allow designers to sort these analogies on their own, easing the global biomimetic process. For such need, the paper presents a model revolving around the concepts of ideality and resources coupled with Living System Theory principles. The thorough analysis proposed here shows a consideration on what biological systems are, particularly for a bio-inspired design purpose. This analysis feeds the discussion on how biological systems could be appropriately modeled in order for them to be compared with technical ones, which is the initial need for the described model completion.