APPLICATION OF BASIC DESIGN PRINCIPLES FOR SOLUTION SEARCH IN BIOMIMETICS

DS 68-9: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 11), Impacting Society through Engineering Design, Vol. 9: Design Methods and Tools pt. 1, Lyngby/Copenhagen, Denmark, 15.-19.08.2011

Year: 2011
Editor: Culley, S.J.; Hicks, B.J.; McAloone, T.C.; Howard, T.J. & Dong, A.
Author: Parvan, Manuela Iulia; Schwalmberger, Andreas; Lindemann, Udo
Section: Design Methods and Tools Part 1
Page(s): 30-39

Abstract

The main purpose of biomimetics lies in solving technical problems by searching solutions in the vast field of biology and transferring these into technical products. This approach leads to a high degree of innovation that is often needed in critical design situations. The process of finding adequate solutions in biomimetics is very difficult to pursue. Problems lie in the difficult communication between engineers and biologists and the mutual understanding of these two disciplines due to differences in terminology and design processes. In this paper a method of improving the solution search process in biomimetics by using basic design principles is presented. From existing design principles in biology and engineering, biomimetic principles are derived. With the aid of specific generated principles engineers and biologists can conduct the search for solutions more simple and effective. The biomimetic principles are embedded in an application process. Hence, the user in case is conducted through the searching process systematically. The application of basic principles helps engineers and biologists to understand each other without the need of being experts in both domains.

Keywords: SOLUTION SEARCH; PRODUCT DESIGN METHODS; INNOVATION; DESIGN PRINCIPLES; BIOMIMETICS

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