COMPARISONS OF DESIGN METHODOLOGIES AND PROCESS MODELS ACROSS DOMAINS: A LITERATURE REVIEW
Challenges resulting from an changing environment affect all design processes, irrespective of whether the product designed is a machine, software, a building, services, etc.. These challenges require collaboration between domains, but current design processes of large systems, such as aircraft, essentially show separate development strands for each discipline. Research into methods to support these concepts is ongoing, but the original design methodologies have not been adapted accordingly.
Based on a literature study this paper consolidates findings from different comparisons of design methodologies and process models across domains.
A consensus can be found in most of the consulted studies that at least on an abstract level design process models have a generic core of common stages and activities. On a detailed level the picture is different. The extent to which design approaches appear similar across domains depends on the perspective of the analysis.
The literature study provides an overview of important shortcomings of existing design methodologies which may serve as starting points for further research and development of design methodologies.