Design for Additive Manufacturing


Additive manufacturing is receiving increased interest in today’s innovation-driven economy all around the world. The US has initiated the National Centers for Advanced Manufacturing and continues to raise the expectations of what these processes may afford; the Europeans are increasing emphasis on additive manufacturing with large EU projects and collaborating with the US on many initiatives, and the Asians are developing multiple machines and creating additive manufacturing centers. Much of the emphasis of the last 30 years of this technology has centered on AM process development, materials and software to support the processes. There has been some work on exploring the opening of the design space that these technologies afford. The “Design for Additive Manufacturing” SIG (DfAM) provides a forum to discuss international efforts in this area and train future designers and researchers to take advantage of the new design opportunities that these technologies provide.
Design for AM includes new design models, methods, processes and tools focused on the link between designing for AM and understanding and characterizing AM processes and materials such that they can be exploited in design. AM, as with any fabrication process, has limitations. Designers have to better integrate AM process constraints, e.g. material anisotropy, in their design in order to realize the advantages of creating parts that mix and place materials where needed and print or integrate electronics and other components to achieve highly integrated functions. Designers have to develop approaches to better represent, analyse and optimize designs for AM, taking the characteristics and constraints of the processes into consideration. Finally, design needs must be identified to drive new applications and potentially new AM processes.


Our objective is to bring interested researchers, practitioners and educators together internationally to share experience, develop design guidelines and to open the design space available to practitioners. The key objectives for the first three year period are:
1. To propose and debate Design for Additive Manufacturing – No comprehensive guidelines, methods or approaches exist to take advantage of these novel processes, but some are underway, e.g. in the US. Currently there are a few papers that address some of the issues, but are typically focused on a specific process and material. There is a need for a coherent process or clearly defined strategies for dealing with the design process of artefacts produced using additive manufacturing technologies. Issues of representation, mechanical properties and their variability and of the tie with analysis and optimization need to be formalized. Further, sharing of AM test data is important to better understand the reliability of AM processes, which is important for industrial applications.
2. To define a Models/Methods/Processes toolbox – A complete critique of the traditional design tools and methods should be conducted at initial meetings, along with the identification of requirements for design methods taking into account AM processes, materials and constraints.
3. To define a list of research needs to support design for AM – The potential to create highly heterogeneous and multifunctional objects and the ability to incorporate sensors, actuators, and information carriers into parts are aspects that are not supported by current CAD representation schemes. Are the artefacts produced using AM designed, analysed and optimized using the same methods as the ones developed for traditional manufacturing? How should the analyses be performed to capture, understand, and control the behaviour of AM parts? AM also enables users to fabricate their own designs. What new methods and interfaces do we need to support mass customization by both novices and experts? AM both introduces many opportunities and raises many questions.


1. Kristi Shea Professor ETH Zurich, Switzerland
2. Georges Fadel Professor Clemson University, USA
3. Carolyn Seepersad Associate Professor University of Texas Austin, USA
4. Christopher Williams Associate Professor Virginia Tech, USA
5. David Rosen Professor Georgia Tech, USA
6. Richard Hague Professor Nottingham University, UK
7. Ian Gibson Professor Deakin University, Australia
8. Alain Bernard Professor Ecole Centrale Nantes, France
9. Ian Campbell Reader in CAPD Loughborough University, UK
10. Ian Ashcroft Professor Nottingham University, UK

Seepersad Carolyn UT Austin USA
Fadel Georges Clemson USA
Shea Kristi ETHZ Switzerland
Allison James UIUC USA
Balters Stephanie NTNU Norway
Behera Amar Kumar University of Leeds UK
Bertoni Alessandro Blekinge Institute of Technology Sweden
Blindheim Jorgen NTNU Norway
Boehmer Annette TUM Germany
Bordegoni Monica polimi Italy
Borgianni Yuri Free University of Bozen Italy
Chen Tian ETHZ Switzerland
Chen Wei Northwestern University USA
De Lessio Mark NYU USA
Dhokia Vimal Bath UK
Dordlofva Christo LTU Sweden
Gembarski Paul LUH Hannover Germany
Graziosi Serena Polimi Italy
Hare Jo PDR Cardiff UK
Hehenberger Peter JKU Linz Austria
Heikkinen Tim JU Sweden
Husung Stephan engineering methods AG Germany
Hwang Jihong Seoul Tech Korea
Jensen Lasse S. DTU Denmark
Junk Stefan Offenburg U Germany
Juranic Jasmin University of Zagreb FSB Croatia
Jürgenhake Christoph Fraunhofer IEM Paderborn Germany
Katona Sebastian TH Nürnberg Germany
Kestel Philipp FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg Germany
Krcmar Helmut TUM Germany
Lachmayer, Prof. Roland LUH Hannover Germany
Leutenecker Bastian ETHZ Switzerland
Lindwall Angelica LTU Sweden
Lippert Bastian LUH Hannover Germany
McGowan Anna NASA Langley USA
Moon Seung Ki NTU Singapore
Novoa Roberto Duran National University of Singapore Singapore
Qureshi Ahmed U Alberta Canada
Öhrwall Rönnbäck Anna LTU Sweden
Panchal Jitesh Purdue USA
Perez Blake SUTD Singapore
Prieto Pablo UT Fred. Santa Maria Chile
Rosa Francesco Polimi Italy
Savio Gianpaolo Uni Padova Italy
Schmidt Linda Maryland USA
Spallek Johanna TU Hamburg Germany
Steinert Martin NTNU Norway
Stephenson Katherine Stanford USA
Talamona Didier Newcastle UK
Thompson Mary DTU Denmark
Törlind Peter LTU Sweden
Wang Hongwei Portsmouth UK
Weiss Florian U Stuttgart Germany
Whitney Thomas University of Cambridge UK
Yao Xiling NTU Singapore
Zwolinski Peggy G-Scop INPG France

Type of events

The past and future activities and results are as follows:

1. Launching Workshop at ICED15 resulted in:
• a founding members list
• a website (current site, with a separate one being developed)
• defined agenda
• shared dropbox folder for literature, cases, mailing list, terminology list, SIG proposal, calendar of SIG events, research topic need
• Website administrator

A workshop was organized at DESIGN 16
Mary Kate Thompson presented the Keynote paper she has been working on with others and which was presented at the CIRP meeting the summer of 2016. Kristi Shea talked about research needs, and Georges Fadel about education in DfAM. The presentations were followed by discussions. These presentations will be posted on the new site being developed.

The next event was at the ASME IDETC conference in Charlotte, in August 2016. Carolyn Seepersad organized a session on DfAM, and the AM3D part of the conference focused on all aspects of additive manufacturing.

At the last ICED meeting in Vancouver, Georges Fadel showed several vignettes about various issues related to additive manufacturing and

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