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Reducing and Perceiving Design Fixation: Initial Results from an NSF-Sponsored Workshop

Reducing and Perceiving Design Fixation: Initial Results from an NSF-Sponsored Workshop

Year: 2009

Section: Human Behavior in Design

Editor: Norell Bergendahl, M.; Grimheden, M.; Leifer, L.; Skogstad, P.; Lindemann, U.

Author: Linsey, Julie; Tseng, Ian; Fu, Katherine; Cagan, Jonathan; Wood, Kristin

Section: Human Behavior in Design

Pages: 233-244

Abstract

This study evaluated the effects of design fixation in a group of engineering design faculty, and also provides evidence for approaches to overcome design fixation. Three conditions were compared, a control, a fixation group whom were provided with an example solution and a defixation group whom were also given materials to reduce their design fixation. Measures included indications of design fixation and participant perceptions. This study also indicates that design fixation can be mitigated. This study demonstrates engineering design faculty show significant evidence of design fixation yet only partially perceive its effects. The group of participants in this study, due to their background in engineering design research and experience with student design teams, was expected to have more accurate perceptions of design fixation than the typical participant. Understanding the incongruities between participant perceptions and quantitative design outcomes are particularly of interest to researchers of design methods. For this study, evidence exists that designers, even those that study and teach design, do not know when they are being influenced or fixated by misleading information.

Keywords: fixation, analogy, creative design, design cognition

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ds conferenceICED09: 17th International Conference on Engineering Design

The Design Society and the Stanford Center for Design Research cordially invite you to participate in the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED'09. The venue will be Stanford University’s verdant campus in the heart of Silicon Valley, a short 35 miles south of San Francisco, California. Research papers and case studies are solicited on any topic related to design thinking, theory, and practice, with a premium placed on evidence-based research. Topics and Themes include: *...

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Design Science Journal