Three Design Principles for Higher Order Thinking – Ascending Order of Complexity and Descending Order of Response

Year: 2015
Editor: Amaresh Chakrabarti, Toshiharu Taura and Yukari Nagai
Author: P. A. Mange1, V.S. Adane1 and R.R. Nafde2
Institution: 1Department of Architecture, V.N.I.T., Nagpur, India, 2Department of Industrial Design, P.I.A.D.S./ RTMNU, Nagpur, India.
Section: Brief Podium Papers
Page(s): 278-286
ISBN: 978-1-904670-60-5


The paper aims at identification of methodical process to bridge disparities between the learning and
teaching process of architectural design at architectural schools. This disparity was observed during
the surveys undertaken for the Doctoral research. The performance of the second year students as
compared to the first year students seems to be low in terms of originality and creativity. The further work was undertaken to assess the reasons for this and analyzing the parameters governing low output. Surveys exercises were designed to evaluate initially nine parameters through a set of assignments/tasks on the three design principles of higher order thinking. The surveys were undertaken at five Architectural Schools & institutes with over 600 students of first, second & third year. The increasing complexity in the inputs of the designed exercises resulted in the decrease in response in terms of quality and quantity.

Keywords: Three design principles, Higher Order Thinking, Architecture design education.


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