Design for X-Guidelines and Lifecycle Phases with Relevance for Product Planning – a MDM-Based Approach
Frontloading an integrated systems understanding to the early stages within the innovation process prevents from unnecessary changes in the later phases of the product lifecycle. In this context, approaches to increase transparency among product goals and potentials – arising from different lifecycle phases (product development until recycling) – are needed. One approach consists in analyzing generic design guidelines (i.e. applicable to different industries) and their interrelations. Also increased transparency concerning interrelations among lifecycle phases is pursued to enhance the task of product planning. This paper therefore sheds light on the interrelation of Design-for-X guidelines based on the respective addressed product characteristics. Furthermore, the interrelation of lifecycle phases based on their association with DFX-guidelines is researched. The analyses are carried out using a MDM-based approach; this includes deriving respective Design Structure Matrices to allow the detection of central lifecycle phases and DFX-guidelines based on structural metrics addressing the centrality of elements.