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Editor: Wynn, D.C.; Kreimeyer, M.; Eben, K.; Maurer, M.; Lindemann, U.; Clarkson, P.J.
Author: Kosztyán, Z.T.; Kiss, J.
Nowadays the notion of ’project’ is often used, however, it is important to make difference between projects. In the followings we make distinction between two groups. In the first group there are those projects (e.g construction projects) that follow the same technological order and building up from the same tasks according to a fixed order. In the second group there are projects requiring a more complexed planning (e.g. product development or software development projects), as the order of tasks can be handled in a more flexible way therefore the technological order is less fixed. In some cases the realisation of some functions/tasks can become uncertain due to time and/or resource constraint(s).
Dependency and Structure Modeling (DSM) originates from the methods that have come about from using the Design Structure Matrix and similar methods (matrix-based as well as graph based). These methods have proven very valuable in designing complex systems, optimizing technical systems and product architectures and organizations, densely networked processes and large market structures. With its ability to manage complexity by looking into the structure of a system, it has led to many other advances...